The Bonn Climate Change Conference will be held from 8-18th May 2017 in Germany. The conference will comprise meetings of three bodies which are: The forty-sixth session of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI 46); The forty-sixth session of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA 46); and The third part of the first session of the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement (APA 1-3).
This is the first negotiation session since the twenty-second Conference of Parties (COP22) which was held in November last year (2016). The three bodies are expected to further the discussion from COP22 and importantly advance Paris Agreement ‘rule book’. They are expected to take on a number of key agenda before the annual UNFCCC Climate Change Conference which will also be held in Bonn in November this year (2017). Among other agenda, they are expected to take on:
- The SBI: National Adaptation Plans (NAPs); Review of the functions of the Standing Committee on Finance (SCF); and Third review of the Adaptation Fund (AF).
- The SBSTA: Nairobi work programme on impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change; Issues relating to agriculture; Technology framework and Modalities for the accounting of financial resources provided and mobilized through public interventions under the Paris Agreement.
- The APA: further guidance on Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), transparency framework on action and support and global stocktake. Also, preparation for convening of the CMA1 and Taking stock of progress made by subsidiary and constituted bodies in relation to their mandated work under the Paris Agreement.
FORUMCC urges African negotiators to stand firm and speak in one voice during the conference for the interest of African countries, climate and mother earth. Also, FORUMCC calls on all Parties to do away with continuous disparities and work in a spirit of colleagueship to reach urgently needed consensus and solutions on (among other) the following three (3) issues:
- NDCs: Parties should agree on clear scope of the NDCs and its guidance on information, features and accounting modalities. NDCs should be comprehensive by including mitigation, adaptation and means of implementation (finance, technology transfer and capacity building) and not mitigation-only as supporting by developing country Parties.
- Adaptation Fund (AF): after contested discussion in Marrakech, Parties decided that AF should serve the Paris Agreement following and consistent with decisions to be taken during COP24 in 2018 that will address its governance and institutional arrangements, safeguards and operating modalities.
FORUMCC welcomes the decision and reiterates its support for AF to serve the Paris Agreement and be integral part of the UNFCCC Financial mechanism. Also, to ensure its sustainability, FORUMCC propose the following potential source of finance - Share of proceeds on international crediting and from international unit transfers and voluntary carbon market; Contributions from ICAO’s CORSIA scheme; Earmarking auctioning revenues from national and sub- national ETSs; and Earmarking revenues from carbon taxes.
- Differentiation: there are divergence views on understanding and interpretation of the Paris Agreement and its implementation rules on areas including Transparency of action support, Implementation and Compliance.
FORUMCC urges Parties to adhere to the UNFCCC principle of ‘Common but Differentiated Responsibilities and Respective Capabilities’ in respect to the issue of differentiation. Developed country Parties should not reinvent the wheel by introducing new language and shifting burden to developing countries through their call for Parties’ equal treatment. This should be interpreted as an effort to avoid their obligations under the Convention.