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We, the Tanzania civil society, issue this statement of our key messages towards the 26th UN Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP26), scheduled to take place in Glasgow from 31 October – 12 November 2021. We, the Tanzania Civil Society and Groups from mostly affected communities - including PINGOs, TNRF, CAN Tanzania, and FORUMCC/ represented by FORUMCC members; are calling upon all Parties, especially those of most emitting countries, to deliver on their promises during COP26. Alarmed by the findings of the IPCC AR6 Climate Change Report on global warming, whereby, since 2011 concentrations have continued to increase in the atmosphere, reaching annual averages of 410 ppm for carbon dioxide (CO2), 1866 ppb for methane (CH4), and 332 ppb for nitrous oxide (N2O) in 2019. And that global surface temperature in the first two decades of the 21st century (2001-2020) was 0.99 [0.84- 1.10] °C higher than 1850-1900; therefore, we are sending the below key messages to inform effective response to climate change;

Climate Finance and Adaptation

  • Urge the developed countries to fulfil their commitment and obligation under the Convention to provide USD 100 billion per year to developing countries aligning with the current climate finance goal time frame extended to 2025.
  • Call upon Parties to initiate a scientific informed process of setting a new quantified climate finance goal which reflect the needs and priorities of the developing countries, while recognizing Africa’s special circumstances in the COP26.
  • Emphasize that adaptation financing remains a priority for Tanzania and African countries to strengthen resilience to adverse impacts of climate change. Therefore, the climate finance flows should ensure balance between adaptation and mitigation support, but taking into account the USD 50 billion per year as the basic Africa need as indicated in the previous Adaptation Gap Report.
  • Further call upon Parties to finalize the transparency framework for effective tracking and reporting of the climate finance provided by the developed countries to developing countries, and avoiding double counting and overstating
  • Call upon Parties to prioritise and finalize the process to establish methodologies for assessing progress in enhancing adaptive capacity, strengthening resilience, and reducing vulnerability to climate change.
  • Loss & Damage (L&D)

    Calling for;

  • Adoption of a decision to make loss and damage as a permanent agenda item for the SBs and COPs including incorporating it in the new finance goal that come into effect from 2025
  • Guidance for inclusion of loss and damage as a core element in any country’s Long-Term Climate Change Strategy (LTS) and National Determined Contributions (NDCs).
  • Specific budget to compensate the damage and clear level of monetary Support and Technological transfer during disasters which attracts international community,
  • Mitigation

    Call for;

  • Urgent efforts to cut greenhouse gases emissions with clear targets for limiting global warming in developed countries to 1.5C and reaching net-zero emissions by 2050
  • Call for Robust internal and external financial and investments flows towards low carbon pathways
  • Urge Parties to conclude discussions on institutional arrangements and coordination for effective REDD+ on the ground; and ensured incentives to non-carbon benefits associated with implementation of REDD+ by financing mechanisms including the Green Climate Fund.
  • Transparency Framework

    Urge parties to;

  • Conclude transparency negotiations
  • Put up a mechanism of periodic reporting, inventory review and progress of implementation.
  • Urge that parties from developed countries provide unconditional support to developing countries (Article 13)
  • Developing countries to stress on clear rules and transparency, and universal system that encourages all countries to keep to their commitments.
  • Parties to consider equal treatment on negotiations, and enhance transparency by considering indigenous communities, roles, responsibilities and carbon market.
  • Paris Agreement and carbon pricing - Market and Non-Market Mechanisms

    We, the Tanzania Civil Call upon Parties

  • To finalize the outstanding elements of the Paris Rulebook and accelerate delivery of the Paris Goals between multi-stakeholders through promotion of ambition, safeguards real emission cuts, environmental integrity and provision of financial resources for adaptation in developing countries.
  • Put in place favorable monetary incentives to developing countries that have reduced emissions in emission trading, while considering pricing set by the countries that have reduced emissions.
  • Parties to put forward clear frameworks for both market and non-market approach to encourage emission reduction
  • Article 6 to curtail the double counting of reduction of GHG emissions in the NDC commitments and Carbon Marketing (considering polluters V/S conservationists)
  • Common Time Frames

    Call upon Parties to

  • Agree on a common timeframe for NDCs reporting.
  • Agree on finance mechanisms to timely support NDCs project implementation.
  • Accountability measures to countries that will not timely report their NDCs as well as to align with global stock take
  • Global Stocktake

    Call for parties to;

  • Put in place accountability mechanisms to hold accountable countries that do not timely report their NDCs as well as to align with global stock take
  • Urge parties to conclude on common timeframes for reporting

  • Koronivia Joint Work on Agriculture

    Urge parties to/for;

  • Keeping a special finance in adaptation and mitigation actions for agriculture
  • Capacity Building and transfer of technology in the agriculture sector
  • Emphasize that Climate Change is affecting agricultural productivity, food production and systems, natural resources and rural livelihoods especially in Low Developed Countries
  • Implementation Framework

    Emphasize that;

  • An enhanced capacity on African countries negotiations to prioritize to women, people with disabilities, and youth negotiators
  • Call upon parties to promote capacity building for CSOs in the implementation of global climate change decisions to meet country’s commitments
  • Technology Development and Transfer

  • Stress that technology development and transfer to include capacity building for quick adoption of the technologies and knowledge for use in local areas.
  • Call upon Developed country Parties to facilitate developing country Parties’ access to environmentally friendly technologies from private sectors.
  • Inclusive Participation and Safety

  • Emphasize that COP26 must be inclusive with equitable access and participation by all Stakeholders particularly, from the Developing countries
  • Urge parties to ensure consistent improvement for more meaningful engagement and participation
  • Particularly from the rights-holders such as Indigenous Peoples and others.
  • Call upon Recognition and Protection of the democratic rights of civil society and citizens, such as right to peaceful protest; right to assemble; and freedom of speech; amongst others.

  • We, finally stress on the role and importance of civil society engagement in climate change related processes at international, regional national and local levels.

It is a non-for-profit, member-based - of over 80 diverse organizations across Tanzania committed to work on climate change issues in Tanzania and beyond.

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