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1. Background.

The continuing negotiations of guidelines for Article 6 offer an opportunity to integrate human rights protections such as stakeholder consultations, environmental and social safeguards, and an Independent Redress Mechanism (IRM) in cooperative actions facilitated by mechanisms created by Article 6. The human rights-based approach (HRBA) is a conceptual framework for the process of human development that is normatively based on international human rights standards and operationally directed to promoting and protecting human rights. It seeks to analyze inequalities that lie at the heart of development problems and redress discriminatory practices and unjust distributions of power that impede development progress and often result in groups of people being left behind. HRBA requires human rights principles (universality, indivisibility, equality and non-discrimination, participation, accountability) to guide United Nations development cooperation, and focus on developing the capacities of both ‘duty-bearers’ to meet their obligations, and ‘rights-holders’ to claim their rights.

2. HRBA in Environment and Climate Change CSOs planning

Human rights and environmental sustainable development are mutually reinforcing. Access to environmental protection is essential to the realisation of basic human rights, including the rights to food, health and even life itself. When assessing, planning, and monitoring environmental and climate initiatives, HRBA must be included. Using an HRBA will make these efforts more effective in ensuring that the rights of poor and marginalized women, men, and children (right-holders) are prioritized and that people in positions of power (duty-bearers) are identified and held accountable.

Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) are among the Frontliners on supporting the government efforts against human rights violations caused by climate change and environmental degradation. Rising global temperatures cause sea levels to rise, increase the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events such as floods, droughts and storms and the corresponding need for disaster risk reduction and resilience measures. All these have detrimental impacts on cities’ basic services, infrastructure, housing, human livelihoods and health, thus on people’s full enjoyment of their human rights. These negative impacts will increase exponentially and disproportionately affect individuals, groups and people in vulnerable situations including, women, children, older persons, indigenous peoples, minorities, migrants, rural workers, persons with disabilities and the poor.

Being aware of this situation, and recognizing the role of CSOs’ contribution to achieving HRBA if well informed, FORUMCC has embarked on conducting an Assessment that targets CSOs to understand the needs in terms of skills and knowledge on integration of HRBA in their efforts to curb environmental challenges and participation in climate actions. This is because, most of the CSOs face a challenge in applying HRBA, a situation which calls for immediate attention due to the fact that HRBA requires long-term planning and capacity-building. It is a tool, not a panacea. However, the HBRA is gaining ground in development thinking, because it facilitates new alliances, supports a framework that reaches the web of power relations across all spheres of society, and allows smaller CSOs to adapt HRBA thinking to their own environment, needs and capacities.

3. Objective

The main objective of this study is to assess CSO’s capacity in using HRBA for environmental management and climate action

3.1 Specific Objectives

i. Identifying the gap in understanding the integration of HRBA and climate action in programming
ii. Identifying the need for increasing CSOs’ skills and Knowledge for improved HRBA integration in Environmental challenges and Climate Actions

3.2. Assessment Questions

i.What is the knowledge gap existing among the CSOs on the integration of HRBA in environmental challenges and Climate Actions?
ii.What are the fundamental requirements for ensuring that CSOs' skills and knowledge gaps are addressed?
iii.What are the applications of HRBA in addressing environmental Challenges and Climate Actions?

3.3 Main deliverables

The main deliverable of this assignment is an Assessment Report of 5-15 pages with information answering the assessment questions.

4.0 Target Group

The targeted group is local CSOs working on Environmental Conservation, Climate Change, Media, Youth and Community Development (including women empowerment Non-Governmental Organizations).


FORUMCC expects this Assessment to be delivered in 30 days


Interested resource persons should send their technical and financial proposals via This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. and the application should include
a)A detailed Assessment proposal and budget
b)A list of team members who will constitute the assessment team with subsequent qualifications
c)Main applicant Curriculum Vitae (4 pages maximum), all presented in word or Pdf formats.
Deadline for submission of applications will be on 11th November 2022 at 17 Hours EAT

It is a non-for-profit, member-based - of over 80 diverse organizations across Tanzania committed to work on climate change issues in Tanzania and beyond.

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